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7 Diseases That Can Cause Paralysis

7 Diseases That Can Cause Paralysis

timesofummah.com – 7 Diseases That Can Cause Paralysis. Paralysis is a condition where the ability to move part or all of the body is lost. This can have many different causes, some of which can be serious. Paralysis can occur in one or several parts of the body and can be temporary or permanent.

Paralysis resulting from a birth defect or sudden injury often results in complete loss of feeling or movement in the affected body part. Meanwhile, paralysis caused by medical conditions, such as multiple sclerosis, may feel tingling or muscle weakness.

Paralysis can cause problems with blood flow, breathing, how well organs work, speaking or swallowing, sexual response, or controlling the urge to go to the bathroom, depending on which part of the body is paralyzed and the severity.

1. Motor neuron disease

Motor neurons are nerve cells that control the muscles used to walk, breathe, speak, and move the limbs. Neurons are divided into two types, namely upper motor neurons and lower motor neurons.

The upper motor neurons are responsible for sending signals from the brain to the spinal cord and the lower motor neurons receive these signals and send them to the muscles. Reported by WebMD, motor neuron disease can damage these cells over time.

2. Bell’s palsy

Bell’s palsy is a condition of temporary weakness or lack of movement that affects one side of the face. Usually, the condition will improve in about 9 months.

Reported by the National Health Service page, symptoms of Bell’s palsy include:

  • Weakness or complete paralysis on one side of the face and develops within 72 hours.
  • Drooping eyelids or corner of mouth.
  • Always drooling.
  • Dry mouth.
  • Lost taste.
  • Eye irritation, such as dryness or continued production of tears.

It is important to see a doctor as soon as possible after experiencing these symptoms. This is because Bell’s palsy treatment is more effective if it is started within 72 hours after symptoms first appear.

3. Strokes

A stroke is caused by an interruption of the blood supply to a part of the brain and can trigger a variety of signs and symptoms. Recognizing the symptoms of a stroke and seeking immediate help can save lives.

According to the Indonesian Ministry of Health, to prevent a stroke from having a negative impact, you need to know the symptoms that usually occur in sufferers, including:

  • Smile looks asymmetrical, or looks to one side, gags, and has a sudden difficulty swallowing water.
  • The movement of one half of the body weakens suddenly, usually the right side of the body.
  • Suddenly can’t speak, words are hard to understand, and speech doesn’t connect.
  • Numbness or numbness, and tingling in half of the body.
  • Myopic, blurred vision in one eye that occurs suddenly.
  • Severe headaches that appear suddenly and have never been felt before.
  • Impaired balance function such as spinning and movements that are difficult to coordinate.

If these symptoms appear, the patient must be immediately taken to the hospital. Do not exceed the golden period of 4.5 hours after a stroke.

4. Lyme disease

A number of ticks have neurotoxins in their salivary glands. This neurotoxin can cause paralysis, starting from the feet, then spreading to the upper body.

Once the tick is removed, the paralysis will disappear. However, if left untreated, paralysis can spread to the face and become very serious.

According to WebMD, ticks sometimes carry Lyme disease, a bacterial infection that can cause a number of different symptoms. Symptoms usually include facial paralysis and numbness in the arms and legs.

5. Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is a progressive autoimmune disease that develops when the immune system attacks the myelin sheaths of nerves in the brain, spinal cord, and/or eyes. This in turn affects the transmission of electrical impulses associated with movement, breathing, thinking and more.

Symptoms of multiple sclerosis include fatigue, muscle weakness, vision problems, and cognitive dysfunction. In many cases, the symptoms can come and go and vary in severity.

6. Brain tumors

Brain tumors are cell growths in the brain that develop abnormally and uncontrollably.

Symptoms of a brain tumor vary widely, depending on the part of the brain affected. Common symptoms include:

  • Headache.
  • seizures
  • Nauseous.
  • Sick.
  • Sleepy.
  • Changes in mental or behavior.
  • Progressive weakness on one side of the body.
  • Vision or speech problems.

Sometimes, brain tumors don’t cause any symptoms at first. Tumors may also grow very slowly over time.

7. Guillain-Barré syndrome

Guillain-Barré syndrome is a condition when the immune system attacks the body’s nerves. According to the Cleveland Clinic, symptoms of Guillain-Barré Syndrome may include:

  • Tingling and numbness.
  • Back pain.
  • Muscle weakness that generally appears first in the legs and then radiates upwards.
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Heart rate or blood pressure problems.

Many people require a hospital stay to evaluate breathing, heart, swallowing, and other complications. Recovery can take several weeks to several years, but most people recover.

Those are some diseases that can cause paralysis. Paralysis is a symptom of a serious neurological condition. If you experience the symptoms, it is important to get medical attention immediately so that the condition does not worsen.

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