timesofummah.com – Antimicrobial Resistance Causes 5 Million Deaths Per Year. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is still a threat to global health. This is a condition in which bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites become resistant to the drugs given.
The Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia stated that antimicrobial resistance can be categorized as a silent pandemic because the death rate is quite high. No kidding, antimicrobial resistance has the potential to cause an estimated 10 million deaths by 2050!
Departing from this issue, Essity Indonesia held a virtual media briefing with the theme “Sorbact Innovation Prevents Antimicrobial Resistance in Wound Care”
The event began with remarks from Gustavo Vega, Commercial Director of PT Essity Hygiene and Health Indonesia, then continued with a presentation from dr. Harry Parathon, Sp.OG (K), Head of the Indonesian Center for Antimicrobial Resistance (PRAINDO), and Joice Simanjuntak, Marketing Director of Essity Indonesia. Listen, come on!
1. What is antimicrobial resistance?
according to dr. Harry, antimicrobial resistance occurs when bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites change over time and no longer respond to the drugs given. As a result, infections become more difficult to treat and increase the risk of spreading disease and death.
Antimicrobial resistance is actually nothing new. In the 1940s, Staphylococcus aureus bacteria showed resistance to penicillin (the first antibiotic discovered by Alexander Flemming).
2. There are 6 main bacteria that cause the highest mortality
The estimated death due to antimicrobial resistance is around 4.9 million people per year. In fact, dr. Harry said that deaths from resistant bacteria are higher than deaths from COVID-19!
Based on a study published in The Lancet journal in 2022, there are 6 main bacteria which are the highest cause of death, namely Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
3. The main cause is inappropriate use of antibiotics
About 70-80 percent of antibiotics are used inappropriately. For example, taking antibiotics without indications, not spending the prescribed antibiotics, or even overusing them. These things can cause antibiotic resistance.
Do not take antibiotic resistance for granted because it can lead to bloodstream infections, urinary tract infections, wound or surgical site infections, and pneumonia. In addition to stressing patients and their families, it also extends treatment time, risks infection to other patients, requires additional drugs or actions, increases medical costs, and increases the risk of death.
4. Treatment of wounds with Sorbact can prevent antimicrobial resistance
Unlike other dressings that actively kill microbes, the dressings with Sorbact technology are made from dialkylcarbamoyl chloride which is hydrophobic and can remove microbes without killing them. Thus, the number of microbes on the wound surface is reduced and accelerates the wound healing process. Why should microbes not be killed?
Research shows that Sorbact does not cause antimicrobial resistance. In addition, Sorbact can reduce the incidence of surgical site infections by up to 65 percent and has a low risk of allergies.
Sorbact can be used by almost all groups, including newborns as well as pregnant and lactating women. Not only that, it can also be used on postoperative wounds, diabetic wounds, and pressure sores due to bed rest.