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Definition of Functional Foods and Examples of Functional Foods

Timesofummah.com – As we know that every human being needs food or food to survive. With the food we eat we will get energy or strength to be able to carry out daily activities, be it strenuous activities or light activities. In addition, food can make the body fit and healthy, thus avoiding several diseases.

In this fast-paced life, human awareness of the importance of healthy food is quite high. In fact, it can be said that most people are aware that food does not only function as a filling for the stomach to be full, but also needs to pay attention to the nutritional content of the food eaten. Things like this need to be spread to other people so that more people can live a healthy life, especially through food.

However, there are still many foods that contain pesticides. This is because when the food is grown or harvested it does not use organic ingredients. If the pesticide substance is still within normal limits, it is not so harmful to our bodies. However, if the pesticide substance is beyond normal limits, then we should not eat that food.

For those of you who don’t know what functional food is, let’s get acquainted with that term. By getting acquainted with functional foods, you can live a healthy life, so that your health can be improved and reduce the risk of disease. So, read this article to the end,

Definition of Functional Food

Definition of Functional Foods and Examples of Functional Foods

In maintaining life, humans need food, especially food that contains the nutritional value needed for the body. By eating nutritious food, we can create a healthy body. A healthy body will make us feel more comfortable in carrying out various activities and the most important thing from a healthy body is that it can reduce the risk of disease.

To get a healthy body, it’s not just eating nutritious food, but you need to get used to adjusting the right diet. With nutritious food and a regular diet, the body will not only be healthy, but will be fit as if there is a sense of enthusiasm in carrying out activities.

Functional food can be eaten as food that is free from harmful chemicals, one of which is pesticide. Food that is free from pesticides will not harm the body, it can even make the body healthier

Currently, functional food can be known by several terms, namely Functional food, Nutraceutical, Pharma food, Designer food, Vita food, Phytochemical, Food Aceutical, Health food, Natural food, and Real food. Although functional food has many terms, but until now there is no agreed term functional food.

Understanding Functional Foods According to Experts
According to the Big Indonesian Dictionary (KBBI)

Functional foods are natural and artificial foods containing one or more compounds that are beneficial to health.

According to Astawan

Astawan said that functional foods are foods that contain active components that can have a positive impact on health, apart from the benefits provided by the nutrients contained therein.

According to the Consensus Document Scientific Concepts of Functional Foods in Europe

This consensus document was published by the European Commission Concerted Action on Functional Food Science in Europe (FUFOSE). Based on this document, functional foods are foods that are proven to provide one or more benefits that can be felt by the body, maintain health and fitness, and reduce the risk of disease.

According to Nenden Indrayati A

Functional food is food or food that is natural or processed, containing one or more compounds based on scientific studies which are considered to have various kinds of certain physiological functions that have a good impact on human health.

According to Goldberg

Goldberg states that functional foods are foods (not pills, flours or capsules) that are derived from natural ingredients. These foods can launch processes in the body, such as maintaining physical and mental condition, curing disease, and preventing disease.

Functional Food Function

According to Astawan, functional food has three functions, namely sensory, nutritional, and physiological.

1. Sensory

The first function of functional food is sensory or food that has an attractive color and appearance and the taste of the food is very delicious. Food with an attractive appearance will look very good to enjoy, so that there are nutrients that enter the body. In addition, the texture of food is also included in the sensory.

2. Nutritional

Every human being needs nutrition to support his life. In this function, food contains higher nutrients than similar foods. The nutrients contained in food will have a positive impact that can be felt by every human body.

3. Physiological

Food can have a physiological effect that can be felt by the body, such as a well-maintained immune system, the nervous system can function properly, delaying the aging process, and preventing disease.

Examples of Conventional Functional Food

Taken from several sources examples of conventional functional foods include:

1. Fruits

Fruits are very well known as foods or intakes that are rich in vitamins. Each fruit has a different vitamin. Therefore, everyone should choose fruits that suit the needs of the body. For example, citrus fruits are rich in vitamin C, apples are rich in vitamin A, bananas contain vitamins A and C, and other fruits.

2. Spices

Indonesia is very well known for its spices, in fact almost every processed Indonesian dish contains spices. Spices that can be used as functional foods, such as cinnamon, cloves, turmeric, ginger, and others.

3. Fermented food

Fermented foods can be used as functional foods. Currently, there are many fermented foods, such as tempeh, kimchi, kefir, kombucha, and so on.

4. Drinks

Some drinks will be beneficial for the body as long as consumed regularly and not excessive. Drinks that can be used as functional foods because they have nutrients in them, namely coffee, black tea, green tea, herbal medicine, and others.

5. Vegetables

Similar to fruits, vegetables contain vitamins and substances that are very beneficial for the health of the body. We should get the vegetables that are around us. Vegetables that are all around us, such as spinach, cauliflower, broccoli, kale, mustard greens, chicory, and others.

6. Grains

Whole grains that look small can actually be incorporated into functional foods. Grains as functional foods, such as buckwheat, brown rice, wheat, oats, barley, and others.

7. Seafood

It is no stranger that seafood contains a lot of vitamins and substances that are beneficial to the body. Therefore, seafood is included as a functional food. Examples of seafood, such as salmon, anchovies, sardines, cod, sea shrimp, lobster, and others.

8. Nuts

After grains, now nuts can also be used as functional foods, including almonds, cashews, pistachios, Brazil nuts, macadamia nuts, and so on.

9. Legumes

Legumes are foods that contain nutrients and belong to the legume family. The number of nutrients contained in legume plants, then the plant is included in functional foods, such as peanuts, chickpeas, soybeans, lentils, kidney beans, green beans, and so on.

Examples of Functional Food Modifications

Below will be given examples of functional foods that have been modified. These examples are taken from several sources, namely:

1. Yogurt

Yogurt is a food made from fermented milk. Yogurt is rich in vitamin D which can strengthen bones.

2. Almond milk

After yogurt, now there is milk made from nuts, such as almond milk and cashew milk which are very beneficial for our bodies because they contain lots of vitamin D and calcium.

3. Bread and pasta

Are you someone who eats bread or pasta for breakfast? Bread and pasta have quite a lot of iron content. The iron content can reduce the risk of anemia.

4. Cereals

The next modified food is cereal. Cereal is enriched with vitamin B12, so it is very suitable to be used as a functional food.

5. Packaged juices

If you are lazy to make juice, then you can buy packaged juice. Even though this juice is already packaged, the nutritional content in it is still very good for the body.

Types of Functional Foods

Functional foods are divided into several types, namely based on the source of food or food and based on how it is processed.

1. Based on Food Source

Functional food sources are still divided into two, namely food sources of plant origin and food sources of animal origin. Foods that come from plants, such as grapes, tomatoes, brown rice, soybeans, and others. While food sources of animal origin, such as salmon, tuna, milkfish, and others. Not only fish, animal food sources also come from beef, goat meat, and so on.

2. Based on the Processing Method

There are three types of functional food processing methods, namely natural functional foods, traditional functional foods, and modern functional foods.

a. Naturally

Functional foods naturally can be interpreted as food that can be eaten directly or processed into a dish, such as kale, spinach, broccoli, and others. Fruits are also naturally functional foods, such as citrus fruits, watermelon, pears, guava, and so on.

3. Bread and pasta

Are you someone who eats bread or pasta for breakfast? Bread and pasta have quite a lot of iron content. The iron content can reduce the risk of anemia.

4. Cereals

The next modified food is cereal. Cereal is enriched with vitamin B12, so it is very suitable to be used as a functional food.

5. Packaged juices

If you are lazy to make juice, then you can buy packaged juice. Even though this juice is already packaged, the nutritional content in it is still very good for the body.

Types of Functional Foods

Functional foods are divided into several types, namely based on the source of food or food and based on how it is processed.

1. Based on Food Source

Functional food sources are still divided into two, namely food sources of plant origin and food sources of animal origin. Foods that come from plants, such as grapes, tomatoes, brown rice, soybeans, and others. While food sources of animal origin, such as salmon, tuna, milkfish, and others. Not only fish, animal food sources also come from beef, goat meat, and so on.

2. Based on the Processing Method

There are three types of functional food processing methods, namely natural functional foods, traditional functional foods, and modern functional foods.

a. Naturally

Functional foods naturally can be interpreted as food that can be eaten directly or processed into a dish, such as kale, spinach, broccoli, and others. Fruits are also naturally functional foods, such as citrus fruits, watermelon, pears, guava, and so on.

b. Traditionally

Indonesia is well known for its traditional processed foods. Traditionally processed functional foods, such as kencur rice, bandrek, tape, dali, and others.

c. Modern

After traditional functional foods are processed, functional foods can now be processed in modern ways, such as pasta, isotonic drinks, sausages, packaged juices, and others.

Functional Food Benefits

Functional foods that we consume have several benefits for us. Below will be briefly explained the benefits of functional foods.

1. Protect Yourself From Disease

It seems that it has become a common thing that functional food is indeed one of our self-protectors to avoid various diseases, especially chronic diseases. Not only that, functional foods can also be used as medicine when we are exposed to a disease.

In addition to drugs, of course, the body needs energy so that our bodies have the ability to move, so that the disease can be fought properly. By protecting yourself from disease, it is the same as making those closest to you happy.

“Why can functional foods protect us from disease?” This question may often arise for some people, especially those who are not used to eating functional foods. In functional foods there is a substance called “antioxidant”. The molecules in antioxidants will protect us from free radicals. Free radicals are substances that can damage cells in the body.

Thus, we must assume that health is the number one thing that needs to be considered, so we will try to eat functional foods and eat a regular diet.

2. Keeping the Body from Lack of Nutrients

The nutrients in functional foods are very abundant, so if we eat these foods the nutrients in the body will be fulfilled. The nutrients in functional foods, such as vitamins, minerals, fiber, and healthy fats. All these nutrients are beneficial for the body. For example, fiber can be useful for improving food digestion, vitamins are useful as immune boosters, and so on.

If our body is malnourished, it is very susceptible to disease, so it will be difficult to carry out various kinds of daily activities. In fact, some diseases require us to ask for help from others, such as heart disease, stroke, and others.

Basically there are many diseases that are caused by our lack of body nutrients. For example, goiter caused by iodine deficiency, anemia caused by iron deficiency, and many more.

Therefore, if we want to avoid diseases caused by malnutrition, we must get used to eating functional foods on a regular basis. Better yet, we must get used to a healthy lifestyle, such as exercise, regulating sleep patterns, and others.

3. Encouraging Child Growth and Development

The growth of children really needs to be considered so as not to experience delays in growth. If a child has growth retardation, then some parts of the body will not function optimally. Members of the body that cannot function optimally will make it difficult for a child to do some activities, so that they will be “left behind” from children his age.

Functional foods contain nutrients that can benefit children’s growth and development, such as vitamin B12, omega 3, calcium, folic acid, and others. Vitamin B12 and calcium are very good for the growth of children’s bones, the fulfillment of these two nutrients, the bones will become strong. Omega 3 can improve brain health and intelligence. This folic acid reduces a child’s developing spinal cord disease, reduces the risk of developing neural tube defects, and others.

Therefore, every parent should give functional food as soon as possible, so that the child’s growth and development will run well. Parents can provide food, such as milk, grains, cereals, and others.

Conclusion

Food or food is the main source of human life because with food, humans can carry out various kinds of daily activities. Food consumed by humans can come from natural sources or those that have gone through a processing process. Wherever the food comes from, we have to look at the quality of the food. Not only looking at the quality of food, but the nutrition in a food also needs to be considered.

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