Timesofummah.com – Jamu is a term for traditional medicine from Indonesia. Recently, it is popularly known as herbs or herbs. Herbal medicine is made from natural ingredients in the form of parts of plants, such as rhizomes (roots), leaves, bark, and fruit. There are also uses of materials from animal bodies, such as goat bile, snake bile, or crocodile tangkur.
Often the egg yolk of free-range chicken is also used to add a mixture to the jamu carrying. To make Jamu Gendong, Grameds can read the book Healthy With Traditional Javanese Jamu Gendong below.
The Origin of Jamu
Jamu is a term that comes from the Javanese language, precisely in 16 AD. The word Jamu comes from two words, namely “Djampi” and “Oesodo” which have the meaning of medicine, prayer, and also means formula that smells magical. Jamu first appeared during the Mataram Kingdom or about 1300 years ago. The existence of herbal medicine since ancient times can be seen from some historical evidence such as the reliefs on the Borobudur temple. The reliefs of Borobudur Temple made by the Hindu-Buddhist Kingdom in 772 AD depict the habit of mixing and drinking herbal medicine to maintain health.
Other historical evidence is the discovery of the Madhawapura inscription from the relics of the Hindu-Majapahit kingdom which mentions the existence of a profession of ‘herbal concoction’ called Eventki. The discovery of the Usada Lontar in Bali, which was written in ancient Javanese, tells of the use of herbal medicine as evidence of the existence of herbal medicine since ancient times. The spread of herbal medicine consumption in the community is influenced by the number of botanists who publish writings about the variety and benefits of plants for treatment.
Like one of them, where herbal medicine is an icon of culture that represents the life of the people of Nguter Village, Sukoharjo, Solo. The people there are very supportive of the preservation of herbal medicine as a form of wisdom that Grameds can learn from the book Herbal Medicine as Part of the Local Wisdom of Nguter Village.
Herbal Medicine as Alternative Medicine
In Indonesia, some people believe that herbal medicine is an alternative treatment using herbal medicines because it is considered natural, so it is free from unwanted side effects. Most people consume herbal medicine to maintain their health, maintain body beauty, supplements to increase energy and passion for life. Herbal medicine which consists of medicinal plants gives an impact that looks slow but is corrective compared to chemical drugs which have a fast effect and have side effects. Therefore, herbal medicine is often used as a combination treatment to treat chronic diseases. Treatment using medicinal plants has several advantages, namely it is relatively safe for consumption, has low toxicity and does not leave residue.
Examples of medicinal plants that are widely used to treat diseases and have passed clinical trials according to science are the types of ginger and turmeric plants. Information gathered from the Center for Biopharmaceutical Studies of IPB stated that Curcuma Xanthorrhiza Roxb or better known as temulawak, and Curcuma Domestica Val or better known as turmeric are medicinal plants from the Zingiberaceae family which are widely found in Indonesia. Research shows that temulawak can function as anti-microbial, antimetastatic, anti-cancer, anti-candid, antioxidant and antihypolipidemic. While pharmacological research states that turmeric can function as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-protozoal, nematicidal, anti-bacterial, anti-venom, anti-HIV, and anti-tumor. The yellow color of the two rhizomes is a reflection of the curcuminoid bioactive compounds that can function as free radical scavengers, nitric oxide inhibitors, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, anti-allergic, and anti-dementia.
Along with the development of science and technology, traditional herbs that used to be harvested for consumption are now processed and packaged in a modern way. Currently, many companies are developing herbal medicine to be more practical and hygienic. Herbal medicine is packaged into various forms such as powder, capsules, tablets with more attractive packaging so that consumers can easily get and consume them.
This is also discussed in the book The Tale of Jamu – The Green Gold of Indonesia by Dr. Martha Tilaar & Prof. Bernard T. Wijaya who discussed various interesting aspects of this herbal medicine from Indonesia.
Then, what are the types of herbs that are commonly consumed by many people and their benefits for the body? Come on, see the article!
Types of Herbal Medicine
The herbal rice kencur must be familiar to Grameds, right? As the name suggests, this herbal medicine consists of kencur extract, rice, ginger extract, and tamarind extract. Its sweet and fresh taste is suitable for consumption by all ages, both children and adults. The herbal rice kencur has high antioxidant activity which is believed to have many benefits for maintaining a healthy body, including controlling weight, increasing appetite, eliminating aches and pains, increasing stamina, as an anti-diabetic, and controlling weight.
How to make herbal rice kencur:
Previously, Grameds could provide the ingredients in advance, such as 3 rhizomes of kencur (peel the skin, wash and grate finely), 1 ginger rhizome (peel the skin, wash and grate finely), 100 grams of white rice (soak in water for 3 minutes). hours, roasted and then puree), 1 tablespoon tamarind water, 5 cm turmeric (peel the skin, wash and grate finely), sugar (to taste), brown sugar (to taste, fine comb), and water (approximately 3 cups big).
Then heat the water and boil the kencur, ginger, turmeric, tamarind water, granulated sugar, and brown sugar. Then, all the ingredients are boiled until boiling. When it boils, strain the cooking water. Separate the dregs with clear water. Next, put a little rice that has been soaked and mashed into the cooking water. If you want a stronger kencur taste, Grameds can add raw kencur that has been crushed into the cooking water. Mix well and wait until the kencur or rice starch settles to the bottom. Serve the kencur rice while it’s still warm. Or Grameds can serve it by adding ice cubes in a serving glass and make the kencur rice as fresh rice kencur ice.
Tamarind turmeric herbal medicine is usually the most sought after herbal medicine. Now there are many herbal medicine manufacturers who make sachets of sour turmeric herbal medicine. The main ingredients of this sour turmeric herbal medicine are turmeric and tamarind. However, given some additional ingredients such as brown sugar, ginger, and other spices. The yellow color of turmeric is caused by the presence of a pigment from the compound curcumin. Curcumin is known to have high antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer activity.
The sour turmeric drink is believed to be able to overcome pain during menstruation. Because, it contains a compound curcumenol which serves as an analgesic. Meanwhile, in tamarind, compounds that function as analgesics or anti-pain are anthocyanins. According to the study of Midwifery Study D3 Stikes Harapan Bangsa Purwokerto, sour turmeric drink has an effect on reducing primary menstrual pain in female students of the study program. In addition to dealing with menstrual problems, sour turmeric is also suitable for Grameds who are on a diet and can also brighten the skin. Because, turmeric contains many antioxidants that help rejuvenate body cells.
How to make sour turmeric herbal medicine:
Previously, Grameds provided the ingredients first, such as 1 ounce of turmeric, 1 ounce of palm sugar, 1/2 tsp of salt, 1 small packet of tamarind, and finally 600 ml of water. Next, process the ingredients by cleaning the turmeric, then blender until a bit smooth, boil the water at once with the turmeric that has been blended. Mix brown sugar and tamarind and add salt to taste. A glass of sour turmeric drink is ready to be enjoyed by Grameds.
This sinom herb is almost similar to tamarind turmeric, except that the main ingredient is sinom or young tamarind leaves. Usually processed with the addition of ginger, turmeric, cardamom, cinnamon, nutmeg, brown sugar, and sugar. Jamu sinom is useful for increasing appetite, overcoming stomach inflammation or ulcers, and overcoming the problem of vaginal discharge in women. In addition, jamu sinom can be trusted to rejuvenate the skin, brighten the skin, and relieve menstrual pain. Because, there are various content of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compounds in each ingredient.
How to make herbal medicine Sinom:
Previously, Grameds provided the ingredients in advance, such as ounce of cleaned ginger rhizome, ounce of cleaned turmeric rhizome, 1 tablespoon of cardamom, ounce of cinnamon, 1 ounce of young tamarind leaves or ounce of ripe sour fruit, ¼ tsp powder nutmeg, 3 ounces of brown sugar, 1 ounce of granulated sugar, and 3-4 liters of drinking water. Next, process these ingredients by slicing thinly the ginger and turmeric rhizome ingredients, followed by squeezing the cardamom until the seeds come out. After that, put all the ingredients together in a container that already contains water to be boiled using medium heat until approximately 2 times the ripening process. After all the boiling process is finished, let it be for about 2-3 hours until the water cools down. Then strain to take the water and put it in a glass bottle. Store in the refrigerator because it will be more delicious and fresh when drunk in cold conditions.
This herbal medicine for aches and pains is the main benefit of getting rid of aches due to fatigue, as well as back pain. In addition, the herbal chili puyang is also useful for eliminating tingling. This herbal chili puyang consists of chili herbs and puyang. Then add spices and other ingredients. Cabe Puyang is your favorite, because it can cure aches and pains.
How to make Cabe Puyang herbal medicine:
Previously, Grameds provided the ingredients first, including 15 Javanese chilies, 1 kg of fresh lempuyang, 1/4 kg of fresh turmeric, salt to taste, and 3 liters of water. Next, process these ingredients by washing the turmeric and lempuyang clean then puree, squeeze, add water, as well as Javanese chili and salt, boil until boiling then strain and cool. Puyang chili jam is ready to be served.
Bitter or Brotowali
The raw material for bitter herbs is bitter leaf. Other additions in this herbal medicine are quite varied, some are bitter and some are added with other bitter ingredients such as brotowali, and others. As the name suggests, this bitter herb is considered the most bitter herbal medicine. But, don’t get me wrong, Grameds, even though it tastes the most bitter, this bitter herbal medicine has many benefits ranging from overcoming aches, curing itching, increasing appetite, preventing the risk of diabetes, dialysis therapy, and anti-allergy. Fans of this bitter herbal medicine are mostly old people. But, there are also young people who consume it because this bitter herb can also get rid of acne and clean up pimples on the face.
How to make Brotowali or bitter herbs:
Previously, Grameds provided the ingredients first, such as 1/4 Kg Sambiloto, 1 Brotowali stick, 1 handful of alang-alang root, 1 handful of ceplik sari, 3 liters of water. Next wash all the ingredients, add water, and boil until boiling then strain and cool. Brotowali or bitter herbs are ready to be served.
Jamu uyup-uyup or herbal gepyokan is very good for mothers who are breastfeeding. The ingredients for making this uyup-uyup herbal medicine are empon-empon consisting of kencur, turmeric, luntas or beluntas, keys, ginger, bengle, laos, turmeric, temulawak, lempuyang, simburan, cowekan or gotu kola, and temugiring. Besides being efficacious in increasing breast milk production, this gepyokan herbal medicine is also believed to eliminate unpleasant body odor for both mother and baby and can also overcome bloating.
How to make Gepyokan or Uyup-uyup herbal medicine:
Previously, Grameds provided the ingredients first, such as 1 bunch of belutas leaves, 2 ounces of tamarind, 1 tsp of fine salt, and 8 cups of clean water, then wash the turmeric (turmeric) then mash or grind it until smooth. Use a blender to speed up the smoothing process. Also puree the belutas leaves and tamarind then mix all the ingredients. Prepare the fire, boil the mixture of herbal ingredients with 8 cups of water. Let it boil until the cooking water is reduced. After remaining 6 cups, remove from heat and then strain using cheesecloth. Wait a minute until it’s not too hot then pour it into a container then serve and it’s ready to drink.
The raw materials for this herbal medicine are true to its name, namely the key rhizome and betel leaf. But sellers usually also add sour fruit and various empon-empon. The key betel herbal medicine is made from key gathering and betel nut. For the general public, this herbal medicine is believed to be efficacious to treat vaginal discharge, tighten the female parts and can strengthen teeth, and eliminate body odor. The efficacy of this herbal medicine is very good for women. In a study conducted by the Pharmacy Study Program, Tanjungpura University, jamu lock betel contains compounds that function as anti-diabetic.
How to make the Betel Key herbal medicine:
Previously, Grameds provided the ingredients first, such as 1 liter of water, 25 grams of tamarind, ounce of brown sugar, 1 turmeric rhizome, 1 segment of cinnamon, 1 lime, 2 lemongrass stalks, 4 segments of Temu Kunci, 5 fingers of ginger , 5 segments of kencur, 5 cardamom seeds, handful of luntas leaves, handful of betel leaves. Then puree all ingredients using a blender or it can be ground until smooth, except tamarind, brown sugar, cinnamon, and lime (don’t mix it in one container).
After all the ingredients have been smooth, filtered using a sieve or squeezed using a clean cloth until the juice comes out. Then boil the juice with added water and add tamarind, brown sugar, cinnamon, and lemongrass. Wait until it boils while giving the lime juice. After boiling, reduce the heat and let stand for about 15 minutes, then remove from heat and let cool. The herbs are ready to be consumed.
The raw material for this kudu laos herbal medicine is laos which is pounded with various other ingredients and then boiled. As the name suggests, the kudu laos herbal medicine is made from noni and laos or galangal. Noni has been widely researched and has a myriad of health benefits, including increasing immunity, anti-diabetes, preventing cancer, cell recovery, and maintaining healthy skin. It also tastes fresh and can provide a warm effect in the body. Kudu laos can overcome bloating and relieve fever, both for children and the elderly. Meanwhile, the benefits of galangal are to support brain health, prevent cancer, treat skin, relieve coughs and throats, and increase male fertility.
How to make Lao Kudu herbal medicine:
Previously, Grameds provided the ingredients first, such as 1 old noni fruit that had been cut into pieces, 4 fingers of red galangal (laos rhizome) that had been cut into pieces, 1 thumb of red ginger peeled and bruised, 1 finger of kencur in peeled and crushed, 7 cardamom grains crushed until cracked, 2 teaspoons coriander, 4 cups water (800 ml), and 2 tablespoons palm sugar (brown sugar) or to taste just as a sweetener.
Then boil all the ingredients over low heat until the water shrinks to 2 cups with a fragrant smell then remove the stew and then strain so that only boiled water remains. Add palm sugar to neutralize the bitter taste of the cooking ingredients. Then Grameds can drink while it’s warm.
This herbal medicine is quite legendary in Indonesia. In order to maintain ideal body weight, because it contains several anti-obesity and anti-dyslipidemic medicinal plants. Such as Dutch teak leaves, turmeric, and areca nut. This herbal extract consists of kencur, temulawak, turmeric, tamarind, cinnamon, pepper, laos, lemongrass, turmeric, cloves, cardamom, coriander, and several other traditional spices. This herbal extract is believed to be able to maintain the health of female organs and tighten the body and miss V. This herbal medicine is still used by the Surakarta Palace in Central Java. Dutch teak leaves themselves contain flavonoids as well as steroids and tannins that act as anti-obesity through the inhibition of lipase enzymes.
How to make Galian Singset herbal medicine:
Previously, Grameds provided the ingredients first, such as 300 grams of turmeric, 300 grams of kencur, 300 grams of temu lawak, 300 grams of temu giring, 250 grams of lemongrass, 300 grams of laos, 30 grams of jong rahab, 30 grams of pepper bolong, 40 grams of pepper, 50 grams of pepper, 100 grams of coriander mungsi, 100 grams of cinnamon, cardamom to taste, Kedawung botor to taste, 300 grams of lempuyang, 5 pieces of singset wood, 50 grams of cubeb, tamarind to taste, salt to taste, and 12 liters of boiled water.
Then take the ingredients of turmeric, kencur, temulawak, temugiring, lemongrass, and laos to clean until clean and then cut some thinly. Put it in one place in a winnowing container, then dry it in the sun for 2 days. Do the same thing with the rest of the ingredients that don’t have to be cut first. After all the ingredients have dried, roast them all without using oil. Then mash all the ingredients that have been roasted together until smooth until they become herbal powder. To get a really smooth collision, Grameds can filter the material that has been ground using a fine gauze cloth. After that, brew the singset extract using warm water with added salt and tamarind. The singset extract is ready to be served.
The basic ingredients for making temulawak herbal medicine are adding some additional ingredients such as tamarind, palm sugar, pandan leaves, and cumin. This temulawak herbal medicine is good for children and the elderly, because it can cure complaints of dizziness, nausea, stomach pain, and relieve symptoms of colds. Temulawak itself contains antioxidants that can prevent cell damage to the gastric mucosa due to free radicals. The components of compounds that act as antioxidants from temulawak rhizomes are flavonoids, phenols, and curcumin.
How to make herbal medicine Temulawak:
Previously, Grameds provided the ingredients in advance, such as 100 grams of temulawak, 40 grams of seedless kawak acid, 200 miles of boiled water, 4 pandan leaves, 200 grams of palm sugar, 20 grams of cumin, 50 grams of kencur, and 2 liters of water. Then prepare the ginger and kencur then slice it thinly so that the juice comes out. After slicing, roast the ginger and kencur for a while. Temulawak and kencur are mixed with kawak acid, cumin and 200 miles of boiled water, then puree using a blender. Boil the palm sugar and pandan leaves until the sugar is dissolved. Enter the temulawak mixture into the boiled sugar and pandan water. Then stir until completely evenly distributed. Strain the mixture and it’s ready to be served by Grameds.
To better understand herbal medicine from the aspects of culture, science, ethnobotany, health, beauty, and aspects of industrialization and commercialization, Grameds can get the book The Power of Jamu at Gramedia!
Herbal Medicine to Treat Certain Diseases
In addition to the herbs above, there are also several types of herbs that have passed the Ministry of Health’s test, Grameds. Some of them are herbs for coughing up phlegm, headaches, hemorrhoids, flatulence, and aches and pains. Here’s a serving suggestion:
Cough with phlegm: Grameds can provide fennel seeds 2 x 3-7 grams / day. Then the ingredients are mashed, brewed with warm water and then filtered. Ready to serve and can be drunk while warm. It could also be with other ingredients, namely liquorice 1 x 10 grams / day. The ingredients are boiled, filtered, wait until cool and then drink. Grameds can also use saga leaves 3 x 5 grams / day. Ingredients are boiled, filtered, wait until cool after that drink.
Headaches: Grameds can provide 1 x 5 grams of guinea leaves per day. The material is mashed, then affixed to the temples, let it dry. As for the material Bengle 2 x 5 grams / day. The material is mashed, then affixed to the temples, let it dry. Grameds can also use kencur 1 x 3 leaves / day. The material is mashed, then affixed to the temples, let it dry.
Hemorrhoids: Grameds can provide wungu leaves 1 x 7 leaves / day. Ingredients are boiled, filtered, wait until cool after that drink. Meanwhile, Grameds can provide slobber leaves 1 x 25 grams of leaves/day. Ingredients are boiled, filtered, wait until cool after that drink.
Bloated Stomach: Grameds can provide fennel seed ingredients 2 x 1 teaspoon / day. Ingredients are boiled and drunk while warm. In addition, as for other natural ingredients such as turmeric 3 x 50 grams / day. The ingredients are mashed, add enough water, then squeezed, filtered, then drunk.
Aches and pains: Grameds can provide 15 leaves/day of sambiloto. Ingredients are boiled, filtered, wait until cool after that drink. Turmeric can also overcome aches and pains, you know, Grameds. Provide turmeric 3 x 20 grams / day. The ingredients are mashed and don’t forget to remove the skin and add a little water, then squeeze it, and strain it, then drink it.
Grameds can also learn the various benefits of herbs and herbal medicines that can help overcome various diseases through the book Choose Herbs and Herbs Without Side Effects written by Ning Harmanto and M. Ahkam Subroto who are experienced in their fields.
Now Grameds already knows the benefits of herbal medicine or traditional medicine consisting of kencur rice, tamarind turmeric, sinom, temulawak, betel key, and many more. Remember, Grameds, if you drink herbal medicine, you have to do it according to the dosage. For those who have never tasted herbal medicine. Do not let the local population or Grameds itself, not feel the benefits of natural spices that have become generations for Indonesians.