timesofummah.com – Understanding Mental Health and How to Take Care of It. A person can be said to be mentally healthy when he feels well, both psychologically, emotionally and socially. Mental health affects how a person thinks, feels, acts, makes decisions, and interacts with other people.
Like physical health, mental health should not escape your attention, you know. If mental health is disturbed, your physical condition and quality of life can also decrease. To find out more about mental health, let’s look at the following review.
Reasons for Mental Health Need to Be Protected
Sensitivity and awareness of mental health does not only apply to adults who are currently productive, but also children, adolescents and even the elderly.
People with excellent mental health can move productively and use their potential to the fullest. He is also able to think positively and clearly when faced with various problems. This will lead him to become a better person in dealing with problems.
Mental health is also good for social life. Mentally healthy people communicate better, get along well, and have healthy friendships. He is also more able to make good contributions to the community or the people around him.
Not only that, mental health can also affect physical health. As the saying goes “in a healthy body there is a strong soul”, a person with good mental health is proven to have a lower risk of developing chronic diseases, such as stroke, type 2 diabetes, and heart disease.
Mental Illness to Watch Out for
There are many factors that can affect a person’s mental health, ranging from heredity, past trauma, sexual abuse or physical abuse, an unhealthy lifestyle, to brain injuries.
In addition, being in a pandemic situation, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, can also make a person more susceptible to experiencing mental health disorders.
Based on the symptoms, mental illness is divided into two, namely psychotic and non-psychotic. The following is an explanation:
Psychotic mental illness
Psychotic mental illness or psychosis is a mental condition that makes it difficult for sufferers to distinguish reality and often experience hallucinations, namely seeing or hearing something that is not really there. In addition, psychotic sufferers also believe in something that is actually not true or delusional.
Some of the mental illnesses that fall under psychosis include:
- Bipolar disorder with psychotic symptoms
- Major depression with psychotic symptoms
- delusional disorder
Nonpsychotic mental illness
Non-psychotic mental illness does not make the sufferer experience a reality disorder. However, people with this mental illness usually experience emotional disturbances or have a mindset that is not in accordance with applicable laws or norms. This disease is closely related to stress and trauma.
The following are some examples of nonpsychotic mental illness:
- Anxiety disorder
- Panic attacks
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
How to Maintain Mental Health
In order to be able to do activities and interact well in society and avoid mental illness, it is important for you to always maintain mental health.
- The following are general guidelines that can be applied to maintaining mental health:
- Respect yourself, for example by not comparing yourself to others.
- Try to always see the positive side of a problem.
- Treat yourself the way you would treat someone you care about.
- Find the best ways to manage stress for yourself, such as keeping a diary, going for walks, and having conversations.
- Be grateful for everything you have in order to accept and love yourself.
- Adopt a healthy lifestyle, such as consuming healthy food, exercising regularly, and getting enough rest.
- Develop the potential that you have or try new things that have never been done.
- Maintain good relationships with other people.
- Do things that make you happy.
- Avoid excessive perfectionism.
- Practice meditation or mindfulness techniques to focus attention and awareness.
It is important to remember that mental health is something that cannot be neglected and must be maintained as well as possible. Follow the methods for maintaining mental health that have been described above so that your physical, psychological, emotional and social life are always in good condition.
If you feel you are experiencing signs of a mental disorder or have family or relatives who have this problem, don’t be ashamed to ask for help from a psychologist or psychiatrist. With proper treatment, mental health disorders will be controlled and you can live a higher quality and happier life.