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Understanding the Internet: History, Benefits, and Negative Impacts

Timesofummah.comIn this modern era, the internet is almost everyone’s primary need. Not only teenagers, but parents and even children have used the internet a lot.

Whether it’s for communicating, shopping, social media, playing games, or for other purposes. The existence of the internet does provide convenience for every individual to carry out daily activities. So do not be surprised if the need continues to increase. But do you know what the real meaning of the internet? If not, then see the following review to find out more about the internet.

Understanding the Internet

Understanding the Internet History, Benefits, and Negative Impacts

The internet is a network that serves to connect one electronic media to other media. This communication network will transfer data accurately and quickly over a certain frequency. The global standard for internet use has used the Internet Protocol or Transmission Control Protocol (IP/TCP).

If you don’t know, the term is a form of packet exchange protocol, which has been used globally. Then, the process of connecting the internet network is called internetworking. Understanding the internet is explained by an IT expert, Onno W Purbo as a medium used to streamline the communication process using applications. Meanwhile, here are some other experts’ understanding of the internet:

1. According to Allan (2005)

According to Allan, the internet is a collection of computer networks that are connected to each other, which can read and apply various communication protocols or commonly known as IP and TCP. Still according to Allan, the protocol is a simple specification of how computers are connected to each other and interact.

2. According to Turban, Potter, and Rainer (2005)

Furthermore, the internet according to Turban, Potter, and Rainer is a large network that can connect computers. Starting from connecting networks between school organizations, governments, businesses, and other institutions quickly.

3. According to Harjono (2009)

The definition of the internet is further conveyed by Harjono, which is defined as a collection of several computers, even up to thousands of computers in the world that are interconnected and connected to each other. In connecting these computers, it takes a medium, such as cable, satellite, optical fiber, or telephone connection. With this media, each computer can interact with one another.

4. According to Sarwono (2012)

According to Sarwono, the internet is a collection of networks with a global scale. At first, the internet was only used in the military realm, but now the internet has been used by the general public. Everyone has been able to operate it easily. And according to Sarwono, no one is responsible for using the internet.

5. According to Supriyanto (2006)

Fifth, according to Supriyanto, the internet is a connection between several computers through a network that exists in the world and has an operating system with different applications. This connection can occur by using telephones or satellites that use standard protocols for communication.

6. According to Sibero (2011)

Furthermore, according to Sibero, the internet is an Interconnected Network, which is a computer network that connects computers globally. The internet is able to work because of the computer network, both local networks and networks with a wider global reach. In addition, the internet also uses the same communication protocol, namely IP or TCP.

7. According to Berners Lee

Then according to Berners Lee, the internet is a network that has several networks in it. The concept of Berners Lee can be interpreted that there is a local computer network that is connected to other networks.

8. According to O’Brien

According to O’Brien, the Internet is a rapidly growing computer network. Where the existence and development of the internet itself can have a positive impact on various fields of life, such as business, education, government, and other fields.

History and Development of the Internet in the World

The internet has a long history. In 1960, the United States Department of Defense created a network which was later named the ARPANET through the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA).

Later, this ARPANET became the forerunner of the emergence of the internet network. Then, around the 1980s, network technology has been used by several campuses, although it is still very limited and only used by a few groups.

The IP or TCP standard protocol was only published in 1982. Then in 1986, the National Science Foundation Network (NSFNET) was established. NSFNET is what emerged as a substitute for the ARPANET in accommodating research and research in America. After a few years, namely around 1990, the ARPANET was brought down.

Instead, CERN introduced a new service called the World Wide Web (WWW). Until 1993, Internic began to be developed, whose function was to register domain names from the public. Then in Indonesia, the internet began to enter around 1994. In that year, people who were involved in the IT field began to introduce the internet to the public.

Since the discovery of the network, the internet began to grow. The development of the internet has also undergone many significant changes, both in terms of coverage, speed, transmission, and use. Coverage is more directed at the area that can use the internet.

Until now, there are still many countries vying to try to fulfill and expand its reach using satellite. Because with satellite internet coverage will be expanded.

Then in the data packet transmission section, from year to year also continues to change. Data transmission today is certainly different from previous years. In accordance with the concept and understanding of the internet, as well as the support of increasingly modern technology, the transmission of internet data packets is also getting better.

Likewise on the speed. Various technology industries are now trying to continue to develop networks. From the first 2G, 3G, 4G, to the newest one today, namely 5G. The bigger the internet network technology that you want to use, of course the resources you need are quite large for the country.

Internet use also continues to develop. You could even say, the development of the internet to meet the daily needs of humans is constantly changing. Starting from changes in information, communication, and the devices used. In the past, the internet was only used by the military. But now, with the growing use of the internet, people can use it personally.

Almost every job today requires internet as part of the work process. Not only in the realm of work, the internet has also penetrated into other fields, such as politics, economics, information, education, communication, and many other fields. As the internet grows, its scope and uses will penetrate more and more areas of life.

Benefits of the Internet for Daily Life

The internet makes it easy for everyone to do many things. Not only children, but various groups are also greatly helped by the existence of the internet. The internet has entered into various spheres of life, and provides benefits in them. Then what are the benefits of the internet that can be obtained in various areas of life? Here’s the answer:

1. Benefits in the field of education

The internet is very helpful in the activities of students in the realm of education. Not only students who have studied in college, but those who are still sitting at the elementary, junior high, high school levels are also greatly helped by the internet.

Likewise for those who do not go to school and choose home schooling in their respective homes. There are many things that can be obtained through the internet as a learning tool. Every child or student can access millions of information through the internet. So it really helps them in developing their knowledge.

In addition, through the internet everyone can also develop their own skills. Through the many features that can be accessed by the internet, they can search and continue to develop their skills.

With a good and fast network, you can discover new things. So it will be very easy for anyone to access and test their skills. The search feature and audio visual, will really help you to learn about anything in this world.

2. Health benefits

In the health sector, the internet also provides many benefits. You can access health information with the help of a computer network. In fact, there is so much health information that you have to be careful when looking for that information.

With the internet also, people become easier to interact with doctors. Several websites now offer online health consultations with doctors who are experts in certain health fields. Through the internet too, you can access various things to maintain health, ranging from a healthy lifestyle, how to manage your health, foods that are good to eat or avoid, hospital recommendations, and many others.

3. Benefits in the business field

Then in the business field, the internet also makes it easier for business people to achieve financial benefits. For entrepreneurs, you can create a business website, e-commerce, creative industry, or startup business. It is also important to note, when deciding to use the internet in business activities, the reach you have will be much wider. That way, the business will also be easier to grow.

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4. Benefits in the field of information communication

Furthermore, the benefits of the internet can also be obtained in the field of communication and information. By now, of course you have felt how easy it is to communicate with other people who are quite far away. Communication either through audio, visual, or audio visual is currently very easy to do. You can see and know the state of other people who are far from reach. This shows the rapid development of communication with the internet.

Likewise in the field of information, where everyone can access millions of information through search engines on the internet. Any information is already available there, and you can get it with just one click.

In fact, information from other countries that are very far away can be enjoyed in a matter of minutes. This is in accordance with the notion of the internet where electronic media in the 21st century can provide network access faster and with a wider reach.

The development of the internet has also provided a variety of reading books through eBooks. The advantages of eBooks are that readers can read anywhere via a mobile phone or tablet, save paper usage, downloaded books are stored in the cloud, and reading is more practical and efficient.

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5. Social and entertainment benefits

Another important thing that greatly benefits from the internet is that it is easy for everyone to get entertainment. There are many platforms that provide opportunities for anyone to socialize on media and get entertainment.

The presence of social media in addition to making it easy for everyone to interact with each other also provides access to entertainment. Whether it’s by viewing funny photos or millions of videos to choose from. With easy access, everyone can get entertainment anytime and anywhere.

Negative Impact of Internet Existence

The emergence of the internet in the community certainly provides a breath of fresh air. Because various aspects of life and community activities become easier to do. Even so, without proper control, the internet can be transformed into simalakama. Then what are the negative impacts of the internet that need to be avoided? Here’s the review:

1. The rise of hate speech

The internet makes it easy for everyone to share information. This includes giving criticism to anyone via social media. Through the media, there are still many people who abuse it to express various hate speeches.

Of course, because there is no filter on the internet related to hate speech, it makes everyone, especially public figures, very easy to accept scathing comments and criticisms that tend to hurt the heart.

Therefore, when looking for information, it is highly recommended to be smart in choosing and sorting. Don’t let the information you consume contain fake news and hate speech.

2. Lots of illegal content

The second negative impact is the emergence of a lot of illegal content. Video content is the most dangerous. Because videos containing inappropriate things also began to be produced a lot. Whether it contains immoral acts, crimes, or pornographic videos that are not child-friendly. The ease with which various content is distributed makes it necessary for every adult to control the children who use the internet.

Because without adult control, children will have easier access to anything. Once they find inappropriate content, they will continue to receive similar recommendations. Guidance from parents to children is also very important. So that children can get positive benefits from the existence of the internet.

3. The emergence of cyber crime

The last negative impact is the emergence of cyber crime or cyber crime. The easier it is for everyone to share anything, the easier it will be for others to comment and express opinions. In fact, not everything that is said in the media can be accepted by everyone.

So it is very possible for every internet user, especially those who use social media, to get negative criticism for what they upload. Not only in the realm of media, cyber crime has also penetrated the number of online frauds.

In addition, there are other crimes such as hacking, cracking, and spamming. Therefore, the internet, which has provided convenience and benefits, needs to be used better. So that the convenience really has a positive impact, not a negative impact.

Well, that was the meaning of the internet and its ins and outs. Starting from the understanding of experts, its history, development, benefits, and also the negative impacts obtained by using the internet. Without a good filter, the internet can be disastrous for its users.

About robert fernandez

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