What is a Proxy? Types, Benefits, Advantages and Disadvantages

Timesofummah.comThe internet has become one of the most important things today, with the internet we can do many things. Starting from looking for information, contacting someone, looking for various entertainments, even many people can’t be separated from the internet because their job does require them to stay online all the time. However, the existence of the internet is also often misused by certain people.

Not once or twice, we hear various cases of crimes committed by other people on the internet. One of the most common cases is the case of data theft. Usually data theft is carried out by certain streams of hackers, then this data is used for bad things such as cases of fraud or extortion.

To anticipate this kind of crime, of course we need protection. Given that these crimes occur in cyberspace, the protection we need is clearly different from the real world.

Actually, there are many ways that we can do to protect ourselves from crimes in cyberspace, one of which is by using a proxy. The question is, what is a proxy? For people who work in the IT world, proxies are not something foreign to their ears.

But for ordinary people, the term proxy is something new and difficult to understand, even if the browser they use every day uses any kind of proxy, they will not realize it.

If you are one of those people who are quite new to proxies, and are curious to learn about them, you are now reading the right article. Here, we will discuss about proxies. Not only answering the question, “What is a proxy?”, but complete with various types of proxies, also the function of using a proxy for you. Here’s the full explanation!

What are proxies?

What is a Proxy Types, Benefits, Advantages and Disadvantages

Before discussing the benefits and types of proxies, we will start by discussing the most basic thing first, namely the meaning of proxies. A proxy is a server that acts as a liaison between the internet and a computer.

Simply put, when we go online and do a search, our command will get to the proxy, later the proxy will forward our request to another server on the internet. After getting an answer from a server on the internet, the proxy will forward the answer from the search results and display the answer on our computer screen.

Jenis-jenis proxy

Although its main purpose is to connect computers and internet servers, there is not only one type of proxy. For those of you who don’t know, proxies are divided into four types. Of course, each type of proxy is not the same, and has a different way of working, and different levels of security. So what’s the difference between one proxy and the other? Here’s the explanation!

1. Transparent proxy

The first type of proxy is a transparent proxy. Transparent proxy itself is a proxy that forwards our request to a server on the internet without telling information about the device we are using. You could say, a transparent proxy is the most common type of proxy, and is usually used on computer devices in offices.

The minus of this proxy is, although it doesn’t leak our IP to other servers, they are less secure because they don’t encrypt the data we have. If an intrusion occurs, our data and various personal information will be easily read by unwanted people.

2. Anonymous proxy

The second type of proxy is an anonymous proxy. A stronger level than transparent proxy, anonymous proxy is a type of proxy that will tell the internet protocol or user proxy IP to a server on the internet without telling the user’s real private IP. So when you surf in cyberspace, servers on the internet will not know your private IP. Instead, servers on the internet will only identify you as a proxy.

3. Distorting proxy

Distorting proxies at first glance are similar to anonymous proxies, what makes them different is that this proxy will give a fake IP address to a server on the internet. If you use a distorting proxy, you can change some information about the device you are using, including providing a fake location or a different location from your actual location.

The advantage of this proxy is that you can freely access blocked content in an area without any problems. Of course, you should not use this opportunity to do negative things that can harm anyone, including yourself.

4. High anonymity proxy

Among all proxies, high anonymity proxies are the most secure type of proxy and are recommended for use by everyone working with the internet. By using this type of high anonymity proxy, the server will not only be able to get your private IP, but also your proxy IP.

Instead, the server will only find a random IP that acts as a client. These types of proxies are well-encrypted, and are more difficult for others to track, even malicious hackers.

Benefits of using a proxy

At the beginning it was explained that a proxy is a liaison between us and a server on the internet. But being a liaison is not the only thing a proxy server can do. For those of you who don’t know, using a proxy also gives us some quite lucrative benefits, what kind of benefits?

1. Keeping users safe in cyberspace

In addition to acting as a liaison, a proxy also functions as a protector between us and the internet network. So after our gadgets are online and get the internet protocol or IP, the server or ISP can easily get the information about the device we are using.

Starting from the type of device, some personal information, even worse, the server can track our current location. You certainly don’t want your location to be tracked by unknown people, do you? To avoid this terrible thing, one way is to use a proxy.

The proxy will secure our private computer network by hiding the private IP address, so that the public network cannot get information from the device we are using at that time.

2. Access blocked websites

Not all websites in this world we can access. Some are hidden by their users, some are unreachable due to geographic location, or it could be because they are blocked by the local government. For example, you are in a country, and want to access social media.

Unfortunately that country blocks the social media we use, so you can’t access them. By using a proxy, you can stay online on social media and access your account. To open access, you can use a distorting proxy.

As previously discussed, with this proxy not only our IP is hidden, but we can also change the real location, and give a fake location as if you were not in the country’s territory.

4. Traffic monitoring

By using a proxy, you can monitor internet users in one place and see what they are doing with their computers. Usually this is applied in schools or companies to find out employee activities when using company or school computers.

By using a proxy, computer users who open banned websites can be caught easily, and the parties concerned will take action.

5. Block certain sites

Apart from granting access to blocked sites, and monitoring what other people are doing, proxies can also block certain sites by using a filtering feature. With this feature, you can block websites that you think are dangerous to access. Parents can protect their children by blocking websites that are considered inappropriate for children. In addition, the filtering feature of this proxy is also sometimes used by companies to ensure that their employees cannot access certain websites with the company’s internet network.

6. Improve internet performance for the better

Besides being able to protect private IPs, block or provide access to certain websites, the presence of a proxy can also actually make our internet performance better than before. This is because the proxy will save the bandwidth of the user’s internet connection. With this savings, internet performance will be better which automatically also makes our internet access faster.

Disadvantages and Pros of using a proxy

Like two different sides of a coin, proxies also have many advantages. But those advantages do not mean the proxy is a perfect server. Real proxy servers also have some drawbacks. For those of you who are interested in using a proxy, you must first know the advantages and disadvantages of a proxy before using it!

Pros of using a proxy

One of the main advantages of using a proxy is that you will be protected from hacking threats. Some proxies will hide your real IP address so it will be difficult for people to access your computer. Not only are you protected from bad people, you will also be protected from dangerous websites such as sites designed by hackers, or sites that can invite viruses to enter your computer secretly.

Lastly, the proxy also caches all the information you need. As a result, when you open a website that you have visited before, the website will appear faster on the computer monitor screen. Interesting isn’t it?

Disadvantages of using a proxy

1. Proxies are vulnerable to cyber attacks

Proxies can indeed protect our computers from minor hacks, but proxies will not be able to survive if our computers get complicated and sophisticated cyber attacks. The reason is because some proxies do not have encryption. Plus, the majority of proxies still use SSL certificates to encrypt data. As a result, when SSL encryption is executed, the data we have becomes vulnerable to attack.

2. Easy to track its whereabouts

Proxies store almost all the device information we use. That information includes your password, location, phone number, and even your home address. Actually this information will remain safe, provided the proxy is not compromised by the provider.

If that happens, your personal information is clearly under serious threat. These intruders can easily steal all the personal information that is in the cached data, and misuse it to carry out various crimes such as fraud.

3. Does not always match the network

Proxies can indeed be the best choice to protect your personal information. The problem is, not all proxies can be used for your computer network. One reason, because the network and proxies have their own configuration.

When the proxy used is not compatible or does not match the network you have, there are only two solutions. First, you can look for other types of proxies that suit your network, or you can configure your own to suit both.

4. The user must first configure the code

As explained earlier, sometimes we have to do our own configuration by writing some code so that the proxy is compatible with the network we have. For those who are used to it, this is definitely not a problem. But for those who are not, configuring the code is quite a challenge.

The reason, they have to write code as perfect as possible. The more perfect the code you write, the better. This is done to prevent hackers from entering and stealing your personal data. The problem is not everyone has this ability right?

The risks of using a proxy

With the various benefits above, using a proxy looks like the right choice. But like all things, using a proxy also comes with risks that must be borne by the user. So what are the risks? Let’s find out together!

1.Proxy secretly records all the activities we do

Proxies do hide our activities and private IP addresses from outside servers. But secretly, they also record all our activities, including various personal information that we have typed on the internet. On the positive side, you can access a website faster.

On the downside, your personal data is a bit vulnerable. Indeed, the possibility of your data being stolen is minimal, but the possibility of criminal acts such as cyber attacks or data theft will always be there.

2. Not all proxies encrypt

In addition to only using SSL certificates for data encryption, certain proxies such as transparent proxies, do not even encrypt at all. For those of you who don’t know, encryption is the process of scrambling data and turning it into a series of secret codes that only those who have access to it can understand.

The absence of encryption makes it very easy for third parties or hackers to read our information. This is certainly very dangerous right? So make sure you choose the best type of proxy to ensure the security of your personal data.

So that’s the explanation about proxies, the types of proxies, as well as the benefits for users. With a number of benefits and advantages, using a proxy can indeed be a good choice to protect all our data from bad people. But that does not mean you can be arbitrary in choosing a proxy.

If you’ve read the explanations about proxies and their types, you’ll know that there are several types of proxies, and all of them work in different ways. So make sure you choose a type of proxy that is strong and secure, you also have to make sure that the proxy you choose is compatible with your computer network.

For Timesofummah.com who want to learn all about proxies, you can really visit Timesofummah.com. Here, you can find books about proxies and other science. As #Friends without Limits, we always try to provide the best and latest information for you.

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