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What is Online? Types, Components, Advantages and Disadvantages

Timesofummah.comThe term online has been used frequently in recent times. Many activities are carried out online. But what is online?

Grameds, maybe you are already doing something online without realizing it. But do not know the meaning of the word online. This article will discuss things online from its meaning to its benefits.

What is Online? Understanding Online

What is Online Types, Components, Advantages and Disadvantages

Online is an acronym for a phrase online. The meaning of online is to be connected through computer networks, the internet, and so on. The word net in the phrase online refers to the internet. In simple terms, online can be said to be the equivalent of the word online. Activities carried out online certainly require an internet network and supporting tools such as cellphones, computers, laptops, and so on.

Types of Online Communication

Types of online communication based on the medium can be divided into Chat Synchronous Communication, Chat Asynchronous Communication, Call Synchronous Communication, Video Call Synchronous Communication, and Video Asynchronous Communication. Here is the explanation:

1. Chat Sync Communication

For those of you who use applications such as whatsapp, line, sms, telegram, and the like. That means you have done synchronous chat communication. Chat synchronous communication is communication that is carried out via the internet but only in the form of text messages or other chats that are only text messages.

2. Chat Asynchronous Communication

Chat asynchronous communication with chat synchronous communication has the same function, which is to send a text message to someone you want to communicate with.

However, the difference between the two is, chat asynchronous communication is delayed online communication. Chat or text messages sent are not immediately replied to by the recipient.

An example of asynchronous chat communication is like a questioning session during a webinar or discussion. Questions will be accommodated and answered at the appropriate session or time.

3. Call Sync Communication

This type of online communication is communication where someone can communicate via telephone lines that must use the internet. This communication is not limited by time and distance. The applications used are varied, of course there must be a phone feature.

4. Video Call Sync Communication

This type of online communication is not much different from call synchronous communication, because it can communicate with someone via voice.

But what distinguishes this video call synchronous communication is that there is a video feature that can show the face of the person who is communicating with you. Supporting applications for video synchronous communication are already diverse.

5. Video Asynchronous Communication

Video asynchronous communication is the same online communication as video synchronous communication. But the difference from video asynchronous communication is, someone only sends a form of communication in the form of video.

There is no two-way communication in asynchronous video communication. So that the person who sent the video cannot know how the response from the recipient of the video.

Video asynchronous communication is usually used for teachers who make learning materials in the form of videos. The teacher will send the video to his students.

In addition, there is online communication based on the way of communication, namely formal online communication, informal communication, non-formal online communication, group communication, and communication for work. Here’s the explanation:

6. Formal Online Communication

Formal online communication is communication that is carried out in formal circumstances. Usually this communication is done when there is an interest or a necessity to carry out formal online communication. Examples of formal online communication such as conducting webinars, lessons, or meetings.

7. Informal Online Communication

Informal online communication is the opposite of formal communication. This communication is done to carry out interactions that do not always have a purpose or purpose. Usually this communication does not have a definite or unplanned topic. For example, such as a mother who contacted her child because she wanted to ask how her child was or how he was doing.

8. Non-Formal Online Communication

Non-formal online communication is communication that is done outside a formal or official event. If non-formal communication is carried out in an official situation, usually the person who is invited to communicate is a relative or one who has a close relationship.

9. Group Online Communication

The next type of online communication is group online communication. As the name implies, this communication is done in groups. This communication is usually done in a group consisting of groups on an application or platform.

10. Online Communication for Work

Online communications for work are personal and important communications. This communication is done for work purposes. This communication can use a private application or platform, or it can use a private platform provided by the company. Such as an application, website, or email on behalf of the company.

Components to Support Online Communication

Before online communication can run, components are needed to support it, including the following:

1. Software components (software)

This component is useful for running the system for online communication purposes. This component serves to bridge the other components. Programs used for this software component such as google, sky, webconferencia, and so on.

2. Hardware components (hardware)

Hardware components are components that are visible and can be used directly by humans. Examples of hardware components for online communication are laptops or computers, cell phones, microphones, headsets, and other supporting devices.

3. Components of the device of reason or reason (brainware)

The device component of reason or reason is a human being. Humans are the ones who run the other components, so the presence of this component is very much needed for the course of online communication.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Communication

1. Advantages of Online Communication

There are several advantages of online communication that can be found, including:

a. Saving time

Online communication of course requires the internet to work. The advantage of online communication is that it saves time, it doesn’t take long to send messages or videos to someone when using online communication. In addition, online communication knows no time, you can use it anytime.

b. Can be done anywhere

Online communication is communication that can be done anywhere, as long as the internet is connected. This is one of the advantages of online communication. So there is no need to meet to communicate.

c. Save cost

To communicate online, it doesn’t have to cost a lot. Compared to communicating in person, especially if the distance is very far, online communication is very helpful. Because it can reduce costs, only internet fees are needed.

2. Disadvantages of Online Communication

In addition to the advantages, online communication also has disadvantages. Are as follows:

a. Requires specific device or app

If you want to communicate online, certain applications are needed that support this communication. This can be said to be a drawback of online communication, because not all applications can be installed or used in general.

b. Difficult to express emotions

The lack of online communication in this case is clearly visible when using text message type online communication. There is often a misunderstanding between the sender and the recipient of the message, because it is difficult to guess the expression received by the recipient of the message from the sender of the message.

c. Scattered privacy data threats

When you want to communicate online using a certain platform or application, personal data is required. This is actually dangerous, because if personal data that is private is spread, it can be misused by irresponsible people.

Online Benefits

The following are some of the many benefits of being online:

  • To communicate
  • As a trading medium
  • Can be used for business
  • Facilitate learning
  • As a means of e-banking
  • Entertainment media
  • Can access information from anywhere and anytime

That’s information about online, ranging from understanding to its benefits. For Grameds who want to know more, there is no need to worry, because as #SahabatTanpaBatas will always help by providing available books.

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