timesofummah.com – Why Our Body Needs Protein Intake. Protein is an important nutrient for the body. Therefore, protein intake needs to be fulfilled every day. Intake of foods that contain protein is needed by all ages, including children to the elderly.
There are various food sources that contain protein, ranging from animal protein and vegetable protein. So, why does the body need protein intake? Here’s the explanation.
Protein is one of the three macronutrients, namely nutrients that the body needs in large quantities. MedlinePlus explains that protein is a building block that can be found in every cell in the body. Protein is composed of chains of amino acids.
When digested, protein foods will be broken down into simpler forms called amino acids. The body needs a number of amino acids in sufficient quantities to maintain health.
2. Types of amino acids
There are three types of amino acids, namely essential amino acids, non-essential amino acids, and conditional amino acids. Essential amino acids cannot be produced by the body, so they must be obtained from food.
There are nine essential amino acids, namely histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine.
Meanwhile, non-essential amino acids can be produced by the body. Non-essential amino acids include alanine, arginine, asparagine, aspartic acid, cysteine, glutamic acid, glutamine, glycine, proline, serine and tyrosine.
There are also conditional amino acids, which are the types of amino acids needed when you are sick or experiencing stress. Conditional amino acids include, arginine, cysteine, glutamine, tyrosine, glycine, ornithine, proline, and serine.
3. Why does the body need protein intake?
Reported by WebMD, the body needs protein to stay healthy and function normally. Inadequate protein intake from food can trigger health problems, such as loss of muscle tissue.
Protein intake in daily food helps the body in repairing cells and forming new cells. Protein also plays an important role in the growth and development of children, adolescents and pregnant women.
4. Daily protein needs
Everyone’s protein needs are different, depending on body weight, activities carried out, conditions of pregnancy, and others. According to the Regulation of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia Number 28 of 2019 concerning Recommended Nutrition Adequacy Rates for Indonesian People, the average protein adequacy rate for Indonesian people is 57 grams per day.
Everyday Health mentions that it’s important to pay attention to fat content when choosing protein sources. Skinless fish and poultry are considered better choices than red meat.
5. Food sources of protein
Amino acids can be found in various animal food sources, such as eggs, chicken, meat, fish, and milk. Apart from coming from animal products, amino acids can also be found in vegetable products, including soybeans and their derivatives, nuts and legumes.
Both animal and vegetable products are good sources of protein. However, consuming only one type of plant cannot meet the needs of amino acids. Eating a variety of protein sources throughout the day is the best way to meet your daily protein needs.
The body needs protein intake to repair damaged cells and form new cells. Protein also plays a role in the growth and development of children, adolescents and pregnant women. In order for daily protein needs to be met, it is important to consume a variety of protein sources.